Archimedes of Syracuse (287 BC - 212 BC) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. He is also considered one of the leading scholars of classical antiquity. He provided an explanation of the concepts of fluidity, statics and the principle of levers, which became the basis for the advancement of physics. He is also famous for designing modern machines including Siege Engine and Archimedes Screw Pump. Archimedes is also attested to have designed machines capable of lifting battleships out of the water and using mirrors to ignite ships.

Archimedes of Syracuse

(Greek: Ἀρχιμήδης)

Domenico-Fetti Archimedes 1620.jpg

"Archimedes Contemplating" by Domenico Fetti (1620)

the birth

In 287 BC

Syracuse, Sicily

to die

In 212 BC (about 75 years old)

Syracuse

Cause of death

Killed by a Roman soldier at the Battle of Syracuse

home

Syracuse, Sicily

Nationality

Greek

which is compounded

Archimedes' principle, Archimedes' spiral, fluidity, levers, microscopic particles

Scientific career

Field

Mathematics, physics, engineering, astronomy, new discoveries

Archimedes, considered the greatest mathematician of antiquity, is one of the greatest mathematicians of all time. He was able to calculate a very accurate approximation for the constant pi. For that, he calculated the area of a parabola with a sum of infinite series, using the exact exponential method. He also defined the Archimedes spiral, an equation for the volume of revolving surfaces, and a very unique way of representing very large numbers.

Archimedes was killed by a Roman soldier while attacking and capturing Syracuse. However, it is said that the soldier received orders not to persecute Archimedes. Cicero described visiting the tomb of Archimedes and noted that on Archimedes' tomb was a monument with a globe inscribed in a cylinder. Archimedes proved that for such a pair of cylindrical spheres the volume and area of the sphere (considered with feet) are equal to 2/3 of those values of the cylinder, and he considered this to be his greatest mathematical result.

In the past, unlike his discoveries, his published articles were not well known. Alexandrian mathematicians read them and made extracts from them. But the first satisfactory collection of Archimedes' letters was published in AD. 530 by Isido of Miletus. Aided in bringing Archimedes' letters to a wider readership was the A 6th century commentary on Archimedes' Letters by Eutosius. The few copies of Archimedes' letters that survived in the late Middle Ages influenced scientists during the Scientific Renaissance as well as serving as a source of ideas for them. In 1906, with the discovery of Archimedes's papers, which had not been revealed to the world until then (here, Archimedes' writings have been deleted and reused), it was revealed and through this, there was an opportunity to gain the understanding of how Archimedes reached his conclusions.

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